A total hysterectomy is one that involves removing the uterus (including the cervix). The ovaries remain intact. Some women who are not menopausal do show signs of early menopause soon after the surgery.

Hysterectomy with oophorectomy involves taking out the uterus and one or both ovaries. For women whose ovaries were still functioning prior to the surgery, surgically induced menopause begins automatically after this type of operation. You should consider hormone replacement therapy while still in the hospital to diminish menopausal symptoms.

Radical hysterectomy with oophorectomy means the uterus, Fallopian tubes, top of the vagina, tissue that surrounds the pelvic cavity and pelvic lymph nodes are removed.

Methods of performing hysterectomy:

abdominal (more invasive)
vaginal (less invasive)
Possible side effects of hysterectomy:

early onset of menopause
loss of sex drive
edginess and prone to emotional outbursts without too much provocation

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